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Recent studies have suggested that subjects with depression suffer a diagnosis-specific motivational deficit, characterized by an abnormal response to negative feedback that endures beyond clinical recovery. Furthermore, it has been suggested that negative feedback may motivate non-depressed controls, but not depressed patients, to improve their performance in neuropsychological tests.

More information

Journal article


Psychol Med

Publication Date





63 - 72


Acute Disease, Adult, Biofeedback, Psychology, Chronic Disease, Depressive Disorder, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Schizophrenia, Severity of Illness Index