Oxford Covid-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Scale (Freeman et al, 2020)


This is a seven-item measure, derived from a study with 5,114 UK adults, quota sampled to match the population for age, gender, ethnicity, income, and region. Item specific response options, coded from 1 to 5, are used. A ĎDonít knowí option is also provided, which is excluded from scoring. Higher scores indicate a higher level of vaccine hesitancy. The Oxford COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Scale scores are associated with the Vaccine Hesitancy Scale (Shapiro et al, 2018), r=0.47, p< 0.001. The Cronbachís alpha is 0.97. Full details of the questionnaire development can be found in the supplementary materials of the paper.

Reference: Freeman, D., Loe, B.S., Chadwick, A., Vaccari, C., Waite, F., Rosebrock, L., Jenner, L., Petit, A., Lewandowsky, S., Vanderslott, S., Innocenti, S., Larkin, M., Giubilini, A., Yu, L-M., McShane, H., Pollard, A.J., & Lambe, S. (2020). COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in the UK: The Oxford Coronavirus Explanations, Attitudes, and Narratives Survey (OCEAN) II. Psychological Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720005188


These questions ask how you would respond if there was an approved COVID-19 vaccine for the NHS.


1.       Would you take a COVID-19 vaccine (approved for use in the UK) if offered?




I may or I may not

Probably not

Definitely not

Donít know


2.       If there is a COVID-19 vaccine available:


I will want to get it as soon as possible

I will take it when offered

Iím not sure what I will do

I will put off (delay) getting it

I will refuse to get it

Donít know


3.       I would describe my attitude towards receiving a COVID-19 vaccine as:


Very keen

Pretty positive


Quite uneasy

Against it

Donít know


4.       If a COVID-19 vaccine was available at my local pharmacy, I would:


Get it as soon as possible

Get it when I have time

Delay getting it

Avoid getting it for as long as possible

Never get it

Donít know


5.       If my family or friends were thinking of getting a COVID-19 vaccination, I would:


Strongly encourage them

Encourage them

Not say anything to them about it

Ask them to delay getting the vaccination

Suggest that they do not get the vaccination

Donít know


6.       I would describe myself as:


Eager to get a COVID-19 vaccine

Willing to get the COVID-19 vaccine

Not bothered about getting the COVID-19 vaccine

Unwilling to get the COVID-19 vaccine

Anti-vaccination for COVID-19

Donít know


7.       Taking a COVID-19 vaccination is:


Really important


Neither important nor unimportant


Really unimportant

Donít know