Relationship between trait neuroticism and suicidal ideation among postpartum women in China: Testing a mediation model.
Duan Z., Wang Y., Tao Y., Bower JL., Yu R., Wang S., Wu Z., Lv Y., Yang X., Li X., Huang L., Ma L., Dong Q., Sun J., Li S., Yang Y., Yang Y., Peng K., Chen R.
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation is a common phenomenon among postpartum women around the world. However, evidence of the relationship between neuroticism and suicidal ideation among postpartum women is still lacking. METHODS: From March 2017 to December 2018, a total of 1027 postpartum women (assessed no later than one month post-birth) were recruited to complete questionnaires assessing neuroticism, depression, anxiety and suicidal ideation. RESULTS: Anxiety and depression fully mediated the association between neuroticism and suicidal ideation (Total indirect effects = 0.11, 95%CI: 0.07, 0.15). The indirect effect of the pathway of EPQ (Neuroticism)-Anxiety-Suicidal ideation was more significant than other pathways (Indirect effects=0.04, 95%CI: 0.02, 0.07). CONCLUSION: Interventions for suicidal ideation in postpartum women need to target neuroticism and further research is necessary understand the mechanisms by which neuroticism affects suicidal ideation.