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Aim: The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a viable target for early Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosis using positron emission tomography (PET) as RAGE overexpression precedes Aβ plaque formation. The development of a carbon-11 analog of FPS-ZM1 (N-benzyl-4-chloro-N-cyclohexylbenzamide, [11C]FPS-ZM1), possessing nanomolar affinity for RAGE, may enable the imaging of RAGE for early AD detection. Methodology/results: Herein we report an optimized [11C]CO2-to-[11C]CO chemical conversion for the synthesis of [11C]FPS-ZM1 and in vitro brain autoradiography. The [11C]CO2-to-[11C]CO conversion via 11C-silanecarboxylate derivatives was achieved with a 57% yield within 30 s from end of [11C]CO2 delivery. [11C]FPS-ZM1 was obtained with a decay-corrected isolated radiochemical yield of 9.5%. Conclusion: [11C]FPS-ZM1 distribution in brain tissues of wild-type versus transgenic AD model mice showed no statistically significant difference and high nondisplaceable binding.

Original publication




Journal article


Future Med Chem

Publication Date



Alzheimer’s disease, FPS-ZM1, PET imaging, RAGE, [11C]CO radiochemistry, carbon-11, silanecarboxylate derivatives