Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

INTRODUCTION: The size and composition of the European Union healthcare workforce are key drivers of expenditure and performance; it now includes new health professions and enhanced roles for established professions. This project will systematically analyse how this has contributed to health service redesign, integration and performance in 9 European countries (Scotland, England, Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Czech Republic, Poland, Norway, and Turkey(i)). This paper describes the protocol for collection of survey data in 3 distinct care pathways, and sets it in the context of the wider programme. METHODS: Questionnaires will be distributed to healthcare professionals (n=14,580), managers (n=3564) and patients (n=19,440) in 3 care pathways (breast cancer; type 2 diabetes; and coronary heart disease) within 12 hospitals and associated primary care settings in each country. Questionnaire topics will include demography, the different professionals working on the care pathway, the tasks they do and the time taken, their decision-making abilities when considering skill mix, specialisation and integration of care. Patient satisfaction, healthcare utilisation and preferences will be explored. In later work, register data and data from patient records will be used to record clinical outcomes. Data will also be collected on workforce and procedure costs. Descriptive analysis will identify the different models of care and multivariate analysis will establish the most clinically and cost-effective models. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This protocol was approved by ethical committees in each country. Findings will be disseminated through national/international clinical, health services research and health workforce conferences, and publications in national/international peer-reviewed journals.

Original publication




Journal article


BMJ Open

Publication Date





Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Breast Neoplasms, Coronary Disease, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Critical Pathways, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Europe, Female, Health Services, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Research Design, Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult