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In this prospective study, we assessed the effectiveness and acceptability of paliperidone palmitate 1-month (PP1M) and aripiprazole monohydrate (AM) over 1-year follow-up. We included 195 subjects (117 treated with PP1M and 78 with AM) with schizophrenia spectrum disorders from real-world settings. We estimated no differences in hospitalization (Odds Ratio=1.59; p = 0.12), symptoms improvement (p = 0.90 adjusted for baseline severity), and discontinuation (Hazard Ratio=0.72; p = 0.20) at study endpoint. Although current evidence suggests the possible superiority of AM over PP1M, our findings showed comparable effectiveness between these drugs. Additional studies in real-world settings with direct comparisons between these two LAIs are needed.

Original publication




Journal article


Psychiatry Research

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