Dynamic sensitivity analysis: Defining personalised strategies to drive brain state transitions via whole brain modelling.
Vohryzek J., Cabral J., Castaldo F., Sanz-Perl Y., Lord L-D., Fernandes HM., Litvak V., Kringelbach ML., Deco G.
Traditionally, in neuroimaging, model-free analyses are used to find significant differences between brain states via signal detection theory. Depending on the a priori assumptions about the underlying data, different spatio-temporal features can be analysed. Alternatively, model-based techniques infer features from the data and compare significance from model parameters. However, to assess transitions from one brain state to another remains a challenge in current paradigms. Here, we introduce a "Dynamic Sensitivity Analysis" framework that quantifies transitions between brain states in terms of stimulation ability to rebalance spatio-temporal brain activity towards a target state such as healthy brain dynamics. In practice, it means building a whole-brain model fitted to the spatio-temporal description of brain dynamics, and applying systematic stimulations in-silico to assess the optimal strategy to drive brain dynamics towards a target state. Further, we show how Dynamic Sensitivity Analysis extends to various brain stimulation paradigms, ultimately contributing to improving the efficacy of personalised clinical interventions.