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Reduced autobiographical memory (AM) specificity is a known vulnerability factor for depression. AM specificity was investigated as a predictor of depression with the Autobiographical Memory Test (J. M. G. Williams & K. Broadbent, 1986). When baseline depression scores were partialed, reduced AM specificity to negative cue words predicted higher levels of depression at 7-month follow-up. Once rumination was taken into account by means of the Rumination on Sadness Scale (M. Conway, P. A. R. Csank, S. L. Holm, & C. K. Blake, 2000), AM specificity no longer predicted depression, suggesting that the predictive value of AM specificity observed in previous studies might be--at least partly--explained as an effect of rumination. Further mediation analyses indeed revealed support for rumination as a mediator of the relation between reduced AM specificity and poor outcome of depression.

Original publication

DOI

10.1037/0021-843X.115.4.699

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Abnorm Psychol

Publication Date

11/2006

Volume

115

Pages

699 - 704

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Autobiography as Topic, Comorbidity, Cues, Depression, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Disease Progression, Female, Humans, Incidence, Male, Memory Disorders, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Prevalence, Prospective Studies, Sensitivity and Specificity, Severity of Illness Index