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This paper reviews the presentation, clinical features. and management of early-onset bipolar disorder. A framework for the treatment is based upon a systematic, critical appraisal of the available literature. A multimodal approach is emphasised using individual and family psychoeducational interventions in conjunction with pharmacotherapy. The role of mood stabilisers--lithium--and the anticonvulsants--sodium valproate and carbamazepine is reviewed, alongside the treatments for depression in bipolar disorder and refractory mania.


Journal article


J Child Psychol Psychiatry

Publication Date





439 - 449


Adolescent, Adolescent Psychiatry, Age of Onset, Antipsychotic Agents, Bipolar Disorder, Child, Child Psychiatry, Depressive Disorder, Diagnosis, Differential, Drug Therapy, Combination, Family Therapy, Humans, Psychotherapy