Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

CRISPR/Cas9 technology is a powerful tool for the design of gene-drive systems to control and/or modify mosquito vector populations; however, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated nonhomologous end joining mutations can have an important impact on generating alleles resistant to the drive and thus on drive efficiency. We demonstrate and compare the insertions or deletions (indels) detection capabilities of two techniques in the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles stephensi: Indel Detection by Amplicon Analysis (IDAA™) and Droplet Digital™ PCR (ddPCR™). Both techniques showed accuracy and reproducibility for indel frequencies across mosquito samples containing different ratios of indels of various sizes. Moreover, these techniques have advantages that make them potentially better suited for high-throughput nonhomologous end joining analysis in cage trials and contained field testing of gene-drive mosquitoes.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





172 - 179


CRISPR-Cas9, IDAA, NHEJ quantification, ddPCR, gene editing, mosquitoes, Animals, Anopheles, CRISPR-Cas Systems, DNA End-Joining Repair, Gene Editing, INDEL Mutation, Malaria, Mosquito Vectors, Mutagenesis, Insertional, Polymerase Chain Reaction