The novel Plasmodium gallinaceum sporozoite protein, Pg93, is preferentially expressed in the nucleus of oocyst sporozoites.
Lacrue AN., James AA., Beerntsen BT.
To study gene expression differences between oocyst and salivary gland sporozoites, cDNA libraries previously constructed from the two sporozoite populations of the avian malaria parasite, Plasmodium gallinaceum, were used in a subtractive hybridization protocol to isolate Pg93, a novel oocyst sporozoite gene. Pg93 encodes a putative approximately 76 kDa translated protein that was predicted to localize to the nucleus. Transcriptional analysis indicates that Pg93 is preferentially expressed in oocyst sporozoites versus salivary gland sporozoites. Immunolocalization assays confirm both the nuclear prediction and transcriptional analysis, suggesting that Pg93 is a nuclear protein. BLAST sequence analysis indicates that Pg93 represents a novel gene that has significant homology with a Plasmodium falciparum hypothetical protein and translated Plasmodium knowlesi and Plasmodium vivax nucleotide sequences. This is the first characterization of a Plasmodium nuclear protein that shows preferential expression in one sporozoite population as compared with the other population.