Psychosocial interventions for bipolar disorder: a review of literature and introduction of the systematic treatment enhancement program.
Miklowitz DJ., Otto MW.
What is the evidence that psychosocial treatment adds to the efficacy of pharmacotherapy in forestalling episodes of bipolar disorder (BPD)? This article give s the rationale for including psychosocial intervention in the outpatient maintenance of BPD. Attention is placed on the three psychosocial modalities that have achieved empirical support in randomized trials: family psychoeducational treatment, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and interpersonal and social rhythm therapy. These three treatments are being contrasted with a psychosocial control condition in the context of the ongoing, multi-center Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP - BD). The objectives, design, and potential contributions of the STEP-BD study are explained. Future directions for the evaluation and dissemination of manual-based psychosocial interventions are discussed.