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BACKGROUND: The significant reductions in hospital admission demonstrated in US assertive community treatment (ACT) studies have not been replicated in the UK. Explanations cite poor UK 'model fidelity' and/or better UK standard care. No international model-fidelity comparisons exist. AIMS: To compare high-fidelity US ACT teams with a UK team. METHOD: The UK 700's ACT team (n=97) was compared with high-fidelity US ACT teams (n=73) by using two measures: a forerunner of the Dartmouth Assertive Community Treatment schedule (to assess adherence to ACT principles) and 2-year prospective activity data. RESULTS: The UK and US teams had similar high-fidelity scores. Although significant differences were found in the amount and type of activity, practice differences in areas central to ACT were not great. CONCLUSIONS: The failure of UK ACT studies to demonstrate the outcome differences of early US studies cannot be attributed entirely to the lack of ACT fidelity.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Br J Psychiatry

Publication Date

03/2003

Volume

182

Pages

248 - 254

Keywords

Community Mental Health Services, Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry), Hospitalization, Humans, Mental Disorders, Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care), Program Evaluation, Prospective Studies, Therapeutic Community, Time Factors, United Kingdom, United States