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OBJECTIVE: To examine the cardiovascular and respiratory health of people with severe mental illness (SMI) and compare findings with the Health Surveys for England. METHOD: A prospective, multi-centre observational prevalence study of 602 patients with schizophrenia-related psychoses carried out in six locations across the UK over 24 months. RESULTS: Compared with general population subjects, people with SMI reported higher rates of angina and respiratory symptoms and had poor lung function. Much of this increased risk could be explained by lifestyle risk factors; there were increased levels of obesity among younger people with SMI. CONCLUSION: Key indicators of the cardiovascular and respiratory health of people with SMI are poor compared with those of the general population. Care plans should prioritize interventions to attenuate lifestyle risk factors. Evidence of increasing obesity in younger patients is of particular concern, predicting even greater health needs in the future

Type

Journal article

Publication Date

2006

Volume

113

Pages

298 - 305

Keywords

Adolescent Adult Aged Body Mass Index Cardiovascular Diseases care Demography diagnosis Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders England epidemiology Female Health Surveys Humans Hypertension Male mental illness MENTAL-ILLNESS Middle Aged Multicenter Studies patients physiopathology Population Prevalence Prospective Studies Psychiatry Psychotic Disorders Questionnaires Research Support,Non-U.S.Gov't Respiration Disorders Risk Risk Factors Schizophrenia Severity of Illness Index SMI Smoking study