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BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the course of unmet needs by patients with a first episode of schizophrenia and to determine associated variables. METHOD: We investigated baseline assessments in the European First Episode Schizophrenia Trial (EUFEST) and also follow-up interviews at 6 and 12 months. Latent class growth analysis was used to identify patient groups based on individual differences in the development of unmet needs. Multinomial logistic regression determined the predictors of group membership. RESULTS: Four classes were identified. Three differed in their baseline levels of unmet needs whereas the fourth had a marked decrease in such needs. Main predictors of class membership were prognosis and depression at baseline, and the quality of life and psychosocial intervention at follow-up. Depression at follow-up did not vary among classes. CONCLUSIONS: We identified subtypes of patients with different courses of unmet needs. Prognosis of clinical improvement was a better predictor for the decline in unmet needs than was psychopathology. Needs concerning social relationships were particularly persistent in patients who remained high in their unmet needs and who lacked additional psychosocial treatment.

Original publication

DOI

10.1017/S0033291711002406

Type

Journal article

Journal

Psychol Med

Publication Date

07/2012

Volume

42

Pages

1461 - 1473

Keywords

Acute Disease, Adolescent, Adult, Europe, Female, Health Services Needs and Demand, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Models, Statistical, Patient Dropouts, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Quality of Life, Reproducibility of Results, Schizophrenia, Schizophrenic Psychology, Time Factors, Young Adult