Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Subjects, both healthy controls and patients, are reimbursed for their participation in research. This payment is referred to as inducement. Medical ethicists consider inducement to be undue if it can lead to the subject not adequately considering the risks to themselves of taking part in the research or if they withhold information about themselves so as to meet the inclusion criteria for the study. Research has found that higher levels of payment do not necessarily lead subjects to disregard the risks of research, but can lead to them withholding information. Psychiatric patients taking part in research may present special difficulties. Therapeutic misconception is common among psychiatric patients and some psychiatric patients may lack the capacity to consent to take part in research. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





83 - 85