Metacognition in anorexia nervosa, dieting and non-dieting controls: a preliminary investigation.
Cooper MJ., Grocutt E., Deepak K., Bailey E.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to provide a preliminary investigation of the presence of metacognition in anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: Female participants with a history of AN (N=16), dieters (N=15) and non-dieting controls (N=17) completed self-report questionnaires, including one assessing five dimensions of metacognition. RESULTS: Those with a history of AN, compared to both control groups, had higher scores on metacognition; indicating higher levels of uncontrollability and danger; cognitive confidence; need for control; and cognitive self-consciousness, but not higher levels of positive beliefs. CONCLUSION: Metacognition is worthy of further study in those with a history of AN.