FASTKD2 is associated with memory and hippocampal structure in older adults.
Ramanan VK., Nho K., Shen L., Risacher SL., Kim S., McDonald BC., Farlow MR., Foroud TM., Gao S., Soininen H., Kłoszewska I., Mecocci P., Tsolaki M., Vellas B., Lovestone S., Aisen PS., Petersen RC., Jack CR., Shaw LM., Trojanowski JQ., Weiner MW., Green RC., Toga AW., De Jager PL., Yu L., Bennett DA., Saykin AJ.
Memory impairment is the cardinal early feature of Alzheimer's disease, a highly prevalent disorder whose causes remain only partially understood. To identify novel genetic predictors, we used an integrative genomics approach to perform the largest study to date of human memory (n=14 781). Using a genome-wide screen, we discovered a novel association of a polymorphism in the pro-apoptotic gene FASTKD2 (fas-activated serine/threonine kinase domains 2; rs7594645-G) with better memory performance and replicated this finding in independent samples. Consistent with a neuroprotective effect, rs7594645-G carriers exhibited increased hippocampal volume and gray matter density and decreased cerebrospinal fluid levels of apoptotic mediators. The MTOR (mechanistic target of rapamycin) gene and pathways related to endocytosis, cholinergic neurotransmission, epidermal growth factor receptor signaling and immune regulation, among others, also displayed association with memory. These findings nominate FASTKD2 as a target for modulating neurodegeneration and suggest potential mechanisms for therapies to combat memory loss in normal cognitive aging and dementia.