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The Ag receptors on mature B and T cells are not coupled to the activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and arachidonic acid release. Moreover, phorbol esters such as PMA, which can activate cPLA2 via mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in most cell types, also failed to induce the release of arachidonate from mature cells, suggesting that the cPLA2 pathway may not be functional in mature lymphocytes. Interestingly, Western blot analysis revealed that cPLA2, which had previously been thought to be expressed ubiquitously, is not expressed in mature B or T cells and that cytosolic phospholipase A2 expression could not be up-regulated in lymphocytes following culture with a range of cytokines most likely to be involved in an immune response such as IL-1 alpha, IL-3, or TNF-alpha. In contrast, cPLA2 was shown to be expressed and activated in thymocytes and immature B cells under conditions in which ligation of the Ag receptors led to growth arrest and/or apoptosis. Taken together, these data suggest that cPLA2 does not play a role in Ag receptor-mediated lymphocyte activation, but may be involved in the molecular mechanisms underlying lymphocyte maturation and/or self tolerance by clonal deletion.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J immunol

Publication Date

15/03/1996

Volume

156

Pages

2054 - 2061

Keywords

Animals, Arachidonic Acid, B-Lymphocyte Subsets, Cell Differentiation, Cytosol, Enzyme Activation, Lymphocyte Activation, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Phospholipases A, Phospholipases A2, Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, Signal Transduction, T-Lymphocyte Subsets