Psychoeducation for psychiatric inpatients following remission of a manic episode in bipolar I disorder: A randomized controlled trial.
Chen R., Zhu X., Capitão LP., Zhang H., Luo J., Wang X., Xi Y., Song X., Feng Y., Cao L., Malhi GS.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoeducation for bipolar I inpatients following remission of a manic episode in a Chinese population. METHOD: The study recruited currently medicated bipolar I patients, aged 18-60 years, who were in remission from a manic episode, as determined using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Patients were randomized (1:1) to either eight sessions of group-based psychoeducation (active treatment group) or regular free discussions (control group). The primary outcomes were the rates of any type of recurrence and rehospitalization following treatment. The secondary outcomes were changes in mood symptoms, medication adherence, global functioning, as well as treatment response (as measured using the Clinical Global Impression scale). Subjects were assessed at baseline and then at 2 weeks, and 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 12 months following treatment. RESULTS: At 1 year, patients receiving the psychoeducation treatment demonstrated significantly less recurrence. Those in the treatment group also showed a significant reduction in mania recurrence but not depressive recurrence, and psychoeducation increased time to remission. Notably, lower rates of rehospitalization were found in the active treatment group. Those receiving the psychoeducation treatment also revealed higher change from baseline on measures of depression (17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression), mania (Young Mania Rating Scale), global functioning (Clinical Global Impression-severity scale and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule) (P<.05). However, there were no significant group differences for the medication adherence scores. CONCLUSION: This preliminary evidence suggests that short, group-based psychoeducation benefits currently medicated inpatients following the remission of mania in bipolar I disorder. This intervention warrants further investigation, especially in other Chinese populations. If future studies confirm its benefits, group-based psychoeducation could be incorporated into routine psychiatric inpatient care for bipolar patients in China.