Dissociation between cognitive and motor/motivational deficits in the delayed matching to position test: effects of scopolamine, 8-OH-DPAT and EAA antagonists.
Stanhope KJ., McLenachan AP., Dourish CT.
The effects of the muscarinic antagonists scopolamine HBr and MeBr, the 5-HT1A agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), and the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists MK-801 and CGS-19755 on performance of rats in a delayed matching-to-position task were examined. Pretreatment with scopolamine HBr (0.05 and 0.1 mg/kg), resulted in a delay-dependent decrease in the percentage of correct responses and discriminability (log d), but had no effect on either the latency to complete trials, or the rate of trial completion during the fixed duration session. Scopolamine MeBr (0.1 mg/kg) did not impair percent correct or increase the response latency but did decrease the rate of trial completion. 8-OH-DPAT (up to 0.3 mg/kg), had no effect on percent correct, but did induce a small decrease in discriminability. The impairment in discriminability occurred only at a dose that substantially reduced the rate of trial completion. Both MK-801 (0.05 mg/kg) and CGS 19755 (10 mg/kg) induced a delay-independent impairment in percent correct, discriminability and a reduction in the rate of trial completion without affecting latency. A lower dose of CGS 19755 (5.0 mg/kg) induced a slight impairment in discriminability without significantly affecting the other measures. Taken together, these results demonstrate some dissociation between drug-induced cognitive and motor/motivational deficits in the DMTP test. However, the data question the specificity of putative cognitive impairments reported in many previous studies with the 5-HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT.