Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

In view of evidence suggesting that cholecystokinin (CCK) may have a role in the mediation of human panic disorders, it was predicted that CCK receptor antagonists may have anxiolytic-like activity in an animal model of anxiety, the black/white exploration test. Data revealed that, in mice, the CCKA receptor antagonist, devazepide (formerly L-364,718, MK-329), produced a clear anxiolytic-like profile with an inverted U-shaped dose-response curve centered around 5 micrograms/kg. Similarly, L-365,031, a specific, but less potent, CCKA antagonist, also produced a profile consistent with weak anxiolysis but only at 5 micrograms/kg. By direct contrast, the potent and specific CCKB antagonist L-365,260 had no robust anxiolytic-like effects in this test. Therefore, these data suggest that devazepide has the greatest effects in this model, that L-365,031 is only marginally active, and that L-365,260 is without influence. These results suggest that CCKA receptor mechanisms are involved in the mediation of anxiolytic-like effects in the black/white model of exploration in mice.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Physiol Behav

Publication Date

10/1993

Volume

54

Pages

689 - 693

Keywords

Animals, Anti-Anxiety Agents, Anxiety, Benzodiazepinones, Cholecystokinin, Devazepide, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Exploratory Behavior, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred DBA, Phenylurea Compounds, Receptors, Cholecystokinin