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In a conditioned taste-aversion experiment with male Wistar rats (two-bottle test, single pairing), the effects of beta-phenylethylamine (PEA 12.5, 25.0, 50.0, 100.0 mg/kg IP) and of d-amphetamine (2.5 mg/kg IP) were compared with the effect of the saline vehicle. The amphetamine-treated group exhibited a marked aversion to saccharin on each of four retention trials. A decrease in saccharin intake after PEA was limited to the highest dose group (100 mg/kg) and the first retention trial for that group. Doses of up to 50 mg/kg of PEA were also ineffective with a single-bottle conditioned taste-aversion procedure involving multiple conditioning trials, although doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg of PEA induced marked changes in spontaneous motor activity. These data demonstrate that behaviourally active doses of PEA are ineffective in inducing a conditioned taste aversion to saccharin. This result extends previous reports that structurally similar compounds may have different potencies in this paradigm. It is proposed that further studies of structure-activity relationships may help to reveal the features of drug action that are necessary for the induction of a conditioned taste aversion.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Psychopharmacology (Berl)

Publication Date

1984

Volume

82

Pages

189 - 193

Keywords

Animals, Conditioning (Psychology), Dextroamphetamine, Male, Motor Activity, Phenethylamines, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Saccharin, Taste