The Craniofacial Collaboration UK: Developmental Outcomes in 3-Year-Old Children With Metopic Synostosis
Culshaw L., Piggott K., Care H., Dalton L., Denly S., Horton J., Kennedy-Williams P., Pinckston M., Rooney N., Thornhill H., Parks C., Kearney A.
The Craniofacial Collaboration UK (CC-UK) has been established across the 4 highly specialized craniofacial centers in the UK since 2015. This joint collective aims to address the current limitations within developmental craniofacial research, using robust clinical data from a homogenous sample of children. This paper presents the third wave of findings from the CC-UK, with consideration to developmental and behavioral parent-report measures. Whilst previous data for sagittal synostosis have been presented, this article summarizes the analysis of these outcomes for children with metopic synostosis (MS) at 3 years who have undergone primary corrective surgery. Results highlight similar patterns to that of earlier CC-UK work, with the majority of children falling within 1 standard deviation of the population normative means across all measures. However, statistically significant difficulties were found between group means for children with MS on various developmental and behavioral domains. Prosocial skills and peer difficulties were reported as the greatest areas of behavioral concern for parents, with prosocial skills found to be below the level expected for their chronological age. In order to further understand the developmental trajectory of children with MS, longitudinal examination of individual diagnostic and specific age groups with single-suture craniosynostosis is crucial. The continuation of the CC-UK provides an opportunity to attain this goal.