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Human models of emotional processing suggest that the direct effect of successful antidepressant drug treatment may be to modify biases in the processing of emotional information. Negative biases in emotional processing are documented in depression, and single or short-term dosing with conventional antidepressant drugs reverses these biases in depressed patients prior to any subjective change in mood. Antidepressant drug treatments also modulate emotional processing in healthy volunteers, which allows the consideration of the psychological effects of these drugs without the confound of changes in mood. As such, human models of emotional processing may prove to be useful for testing the efficacy of novel treatments and for matching treatments to individual patients or subgroups of patients.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Dialogues Clin Neurosci

Publication Date

12/2015

Volume

17

Pages

477 - 487

Keywords

antidepressant, depression, emotional processing, anxiety, healthy volunteer, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Affect, Animals, Antidepressive Agents, Depression, Depressive Disorder, Emotions, Humans, Memory