Online information seeking by patients with bipolar disorder: results from an international multisite survey.
Conell J., Bauer R., Glenn T., Alda M., Ardau R., Baune BT., Berk M., Bersudsky Y., Bilderbeck A., Bocchetta A., Bossini L., Paredes Castro AM., Cheung EYW., Chillotti C., Choppin S., Del Zompo M., Dias R., Dodd S., Duffy A., Etain B., Fagiolini A., Garnham J., Geddes J., Gildebro J., Gonzalez-Pinto A., Goodwin GM., Grof P., Harima H., Hassel S., Henry C., Hidalgo-Mazzei D., Kapur V., Kunigiri G., Lafer B., Lam C., Larsen ER., Lewitzka U., Licht R., Lund AH., Misiak B., Piotrowski P., Monteith S., Munoz R., Nakanotani T., Nielsen RE., O'Donovan C., Okamura Y., Osher Y., Reif A., Ritter P., Rybakowski JK., Sagduyu K., Sawchuk B., Schwartz E., Scippa ÂM., Slaney C., Sulaiman AH., Suominen K., Suwalska A., Tam P., Tatebayashi Y., Tondo L., Vieta E., Vinberg M., Viswanath B., Volkert J., Zetin M., Zorrilla I., Whybrow PC., Bauer M.
BACKGROUND: Information seeking is an important coping mechanism for dealing with chronic illness. Despite a growing number of mental health websites, there is little understanding of how patients with bipolar disorder use the Internet to seek information. METHODS: A 39 question, paper-based, anonymous survey, translated into 12 languages, was completed by 1222 patients in 17 countries as a convenience sample between March 2014 and January 2016. All patients had a diagnosis of bipolar disorder from a psychiatrist. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and generalized estimating equations to account for correlated data. RESULTS: 976 (81 % of 1212 valid responses) of the patients used the Internet, and of these 750 (77 %) looked for information on bipolar disorder. When looking online for information, 89 % used a computer rather than a smartphone, and 79 % started with a general search engine. The primary reasons for searching were drug side effects (51 %), to learn anonymously (43 %), and for help coping (39 %). About 1/3 rated their search skills as expert, and 2/3 as basic or intermediate. 59 % preferred a website on mental illness and 33 % preferred Wikipedia. Only 20 % read or participated in online support groups. Most patients (62 %) searched a couple times a year. Online information seeking helped about 2/3 to cope (41 % of the entire sample). About 2/3 did not discuss Internet findings with their doctor. CONCLUSION: Online information seeking helps many patients to cope although alternative information sources remain important. Most patients do not discuss Internet findings with their doctor, and concern remains about the quality of online information especially related to prescription drugs. Patients may not rate search skills accurately, and may not understand limitations of online privacy. More patient education about online information searching is needed and physicians should recommend a few high quality websites.