Mental health legislation in Chile.
Bahamondes A., Barrera A., Calderón J., Cordero M., Duque H.
Chile does not have a mental health law or act, and no single legal body protecting those deemed to be afflicted by a mental disorder, setting standards of care and protecting and promoting their rights. Instead, pieces of mental health legislation are scattered about in different legal and administrative documents, including the country's Constitution, Health Code, Criminal Code and Civil Code. Remarkably, mental health legislation was the object of virtually no change or amendment from the middle of the 19th century until the year 2001. New pieces of legislation have been issued since but, despite improvements in the protection of people suffering from a mental illness, a mental health law in Chile is still needed.