Parent and Patient Reported Outcomes for Head Shape in Children Undergoing Surgery for Single Suture Synostosis.
Dalton LJ., Kiani S., Judge A., Wall S., Johnson D.
ABSTRACT: Assessing outcomes following surgery for single suture craniosynostosis is important to ensure minimum standards are being met, but also to compare results using different surgical techniques and treatment protocols. What constitutes an "outcome" and how this is measured remains a challenge, particularly when assessment should include consideration of aesthetic, functional, and psychological domains.The Oxford Craniofacial Unit has initiated routine collection of parents' and patients' ratings of 2 factors that are closely associated with psychological adjustment; how noticeable the child's headshape is and how much this bothers the parent and/or child. A brief Surgical Outcome Questionnaire is completed by parents and children (over 7 years) at their outpatient appointment; parents are also asked to rate the extent to which they feel surgery made a difference to their child's headshape.Data are presented for 519 parents and 248 children with single suture craniosynostosis who attended the Oxford Craniofacial Unit in 2018 and 2019; this represents over 80% of patients seen in the clinic indicating the questionnaire is acceptable for families and the potential for rapid, relevant data on a continuous basis. Analysis of the data is presented to demonstrate the utility of the Surgical Outcome Questionnaire in exploring the views of both parents and patients of the noticeability and level of concern about the child's headshape for different age groups and diagnoses.The Surgical Outcome Questionnaire provides a novel method of collecting routine data for patients across their craniofacial care pathway, using variables which are relevant and meaningful for patients and parents.