Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Medically Unexplained Physical Symptoms: A Pilot Study
Speckens AEM., Spinhoven P., Hawton KE., Bolk JH., Van Hemert AM.
The aim of the study was to develop a cognitive behavioural treatment model for medically unexplained physical symptoms and assess its feasibility and effect in a small sample of patients. This study was the first step in the realization of a randomized controlled trial. The study population consisted of consecutive patients presenting at a general medical outpatient clinic, whose symptoms could not be explained by objective abnormal findings. The treatment was based on a general model of the disorder, consisting of the physical symptoms, the patient's attribution and perceived control and the cognitive, behavioural, physical and social consequences. It incorporated record keeping concerning physical symptoms and emotions, identification of cognitions about the symptoms, challenging dysfunctional thoughts and behavioural experiments. At 6-months follow-up, four of the five treated patients were improved with regard to frequency and intensity of the symptoms, psychological distress and functional impairment. The improvement was sustained at 1-year follow-up.