Adolescent onset psychosis. A clinical and outcome study.
Cawthron P., James A., Dell J., Seagroatt V.
58 psychotic adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17 diagnosed according to RDC criteria were matched with psychiatric comparisons and followed-up using a two stage design. Information upon the group as a whole was obtained using death records, criminal records and data from the Oxford Record Linkage System. A sub-sample of 21 matched pairs were interviewed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia--Life time version (SADS-L) and the Adult Personality Functioning Assessment (APFA). The outcome of adolescent schizophrenia was poor with 78% continuously ill and socially handicapped. Outcome was better for bipolar disorders and schizo-affective disorders and similar to psychiatric comparisons.