Neural correlates of movement generation in the 'at-risk mental state'.
Broome MR., Matthiasson P., Fusar-Poli P., Woolley JB., Johns LC., Tabraham P., Bramon E., Valmaggia L., Williams SCR., Brammer MJ., Chitnis X., McGuire PK.
OBJECTIVE: People with 'prodromal' symptoms have a very high risk of developing psychosis. We examined the neurocognitive basis of this vulnerability by using functional MRI to study subjects with an at-risk mental state (ARMS) while they performed a random movement generation task. METHOD: Cross-sectional comparison of individuals with an ARMS (n = 17), patients with first episode schizophreniform psychosis (n = 10) and healthy volunteers (n = 15). Subjects were studied using functional MRI while they performed a random movement generation paradigm. RESULTS: During random movement generation, the ARMS group showed less activation in the left inferior parietal cortex than controls, but greater activation than in the first episode group. CONCLUSION: The ARMS is associated with abnormalities of regional brain function that are qualitatively similar to those in patients who have recently presented with psychosis but less severe.