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Impaired parenting may lie on the causal pathway between paternal depression and children's outcomes. We use the first four surveys of the Millennium Cohort Study to investigate the association between paternal depressive symptoms and fathers' parenting (negative, positive and involvement). Findings suggest that postnatal paternal depressive symptoms are associated with fathers' negative parenting. This has implications for the design of intervention programmes for parents with depression and young children.

Original publication




Journal article


Br J Psychiatry

Publication Date





558 - 559


Child, Child, Preschool, Cohort Studies, Depression, Postpartum, Father-Child Relations, Fathers, Female, Humans, Infant, Male, Parenting, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Surveys and Questionnaires, United Kingdom