Dynamical informational structures characterize the different human brain states of wakefulness and deep sleep
Galadí JA., Silva Pereira S., Perl YS., Kringelbach ML., Gayte I., Laufs H., Tagliazucchi E., Langa JA., Deco G.
<jats:title>ABSTRACT</jats:title><jats:p>The dynamical activity of the human brain describes an extremely complex energy landscape changing over time and its characterisation is central unsolved problem in neuroscience. We propose a novel mathematical formalism for characterizing how the landscape of attractors sustained by a dynamical system evolves in time. This mathematical formalism is used to distinguish quantitatively and rigorously between the different human brain states of wakefulness and deep sleep. In particular, by using a whole-brain dynamical ansatz integrating the underlying anatomical structure with the local node dynamics based on a Lotka-Volterra description, we compute analytically the <jats:italic>global attractors</jats:italic> of this cooperative system and their associated directed graphs, here called the <jats:italic>informational structures</jats:italic>. The informational structure of the global attractor of a dynamical system describes precisely the past and future behaviour in terms of a directed graph composed of invariant sets (nodes) and their corresponding connections (links). We characterize a brain state by the time variability of these informational structures. This theoretical framework is potentially highly relevant for developing reliable biomarkers of patients with e.g. neuropsychiatric disorders or different levels of coma.</jats:p>