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OBJECTIVE: The clinical effectiveness of group and individual cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for bulimia nervosa (BN) was compared. METHOD: Sixty BN patients from hospitals and general practitioners in Sydney, Australia, were allocated randomly to group or individual CBT. Forty-four completed treatment (n = 22 in group CBT and n = 22 in individual CBT). Patients were assessed at pretreatment, posttreatment, and at 3 and 6 months follow-up with the Eating Disorder Examination-12 and self-report questionnaires examining weight and shape attitudes (Eating Disorder Inventory-2), social adjustment (Social Adjustment Scale-Modified), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale), and general psychopathology (Symptom Checklist 90R). RESULTS: The effects of group and individual CBT were equivalent on most measures. However, a significantly greater proportion of individual CBT patients than group CBT patients were abstinent from bulimic behaviors at posttreatment, but not at follow-up. DISCUSSION: This has implications for the delivery of cost-effective and clinically effective treatment for BN.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/eat.10137

Type

Conference paper

Publication Date

04/2003

Volume

33

Pages

241 - 254

Keywords

Adaptation, Psychological, Adult, Bulimia, Cognitive Therapy, Female, Humans, Psychotherapy, Group, Self Concept, Social Behavior, Treatment Outcome