Guided parent-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for Japanese children and parents: a single-arm uncontrolled study.
Okawa S., Arai H., Nakamura H., Ishikawa S-I., Creswell C., Shiko Y., Ozawa Y., Kawasaki Y., Shimizu E.
BACKGROUND: Guided parent-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (GPD-CBT) is an effective low-intensity treatment for childhood anxiety disorder in Western countries and can increase access to evidence-based psychological therapies. AIM: This study aimed to examine its feasibility in a Japanese sample. METHOD: Twelve children with anxiety disorders and their parents participated in the study, and ten children and parents completed the program. Participants were assessed at pre-, post- and one-month follow-up using a diagnostic interview for anxiety disorders, self- and parent-report measures for anxiety, depression, parental behaviour, and parental anxiety. RESULTS: Four children (40% of completers) were free from their primary diagnoses immediately following the brief treatment, and seven children (70%) at the one-month follow-up. Changes in disorder severity, child and parent reported anxiety symptoms, and child reported depression symptoms were consistent with those found in Western trials of GPD-CBT and of Japanese trials of more intensive CBT for child anxiety disorders that involves both the child and the parent. Moderate increases were also found in child reported parental autonomy behaviours; however, there were only small changes in parent self-reported anxiety. CONCLUSION: These results support the potential of GPD-CBT to increase access to evidence-based treatments for anxiety disorders in Japanese children.