The role of critical immune genes in brain disorders: insights from neuroimaging immunogenetics.
Bian B., Couvy-Duchesne B., Wray NR., McRae AF.
Genetic variants in the human leukocyte antigen and killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor regions have been associated with many brain-related diseases, but how they shape brain structure and function remains unclear. To identify the genetic variants in HLA and KIR genes associated with human brain phenotypes, we performed a genetic association study of ∼30 000 European unrelated individuals using brain MRI phenotypes generated by the UK Biobank (UKB). We identified 15 HLA alleles in HLA class I and class II genes significantly associated with at least one brain MRI-based phenotypes (P