Evidence for two distinct members of the amylase gene family in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti.
Grossman GL., Campos Y., Severson DW., James AA.
Genomic DNA fragments encoding a salivary gland-specific alpha-amylase gene, Amylase I (Amy I), and an additional amylase, Amylase II (AmyII) of the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, were isolated and characterized. Two independently isolated DNA fragments, G34-F and G34-14A, encode polymorphic alleles of Amy I. A 3.2 kilobase (kb) EcoR I fragment of G34-F, F2, has been sequenced in its entirety and contains 832 base pairs (bp) of the 5'-end, non-coding and putative promoter regions that are adjacent to 2.4 kb of the Amy I coding region. One intron, 59 bp in length, is found towards the 3'-end of the clone. A third genomic clone, 3A, corresponding to Amy II, was sequenced and shown not to contain the primary DNA sequence that encodes the 260 amino acid region that uniquely characterizes the amino terminal end of the Amy I product. Amy I was assigned by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) mapping to chromosome 2 (23.0 cM) and Amy II to chromosome 1 (44.0 cM). Amy I and Amy II are highly polymorphic and there may be multiple linked copies at each locus. Comparisons between Amy I and Amy II are presented for the putative promoter and conceptual translation products. The identification of two distinct amylase genes and their separate linkage assignments provides evidence for a multigene family of alpha-amylases in Ae. aegypti.