Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.
Skip to main content

OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of psychosocial adjustment in young people with a cleft as well as in their parents, within the framework of Lazarus and Folkman's (1984) transactional model of stress and coping. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, SETTING: A cross-sectional postal questionnaire design study was used, involving young people aged between 11 and 16 years and their parents. There were 145 families from two cleft services participating in the study. OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants completed measures of psychological adjustment, coping, social experiences, satisfaction with appearance, cleft-related factors, and demographic information. RESULTS: Young people with a cleft and their mothers did not report psychosocial adjustment difficulties above that of the normal population. An insufficient number of fathers were recruited for substantive analysis to be conducted using their data. CONCLUSIONS: The findings show little evidence of significant psychosocial adjustment difficulties for adolescents with a cleft or for their mothers. The concepts of adjustment, coping, satisfaction with appearance, and maternal mental health in this population are discussed. The results highlight the importance of timely interventions and seeking multiple perspectives in clinical management of a cleft. Questions are raised about the completion of self-report measures for future research in this population.

Original publication

DOI

10.1597/08-093.1

Type

Conference paper

Publication Date

07/2009

Volume

46

Pages

435 - 443

Keywords

Adaptation, Psychological, Adolescent, Adult, Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Parents, Psychology, Adolescent, Statistics, Nonparametric, Surveys and Questionnaires