Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Although randomised controlled trials are the reference methodology to assess the effects of therapeutic interventions, for interventions that naturally occur in groups of individuals random allocation of participants may be inappropriate. In these cases, the unit of random allocation may be the group or cluster, rather than the individual. Clinical trials that randomly allocate groups or clusters of individuals are called cluster randomised trials. This article briefly presents the main implications of cluster randomisation with respect to the following methodological aspects: generalisability, concealment of allocation, comparability at baseline, blindness, loss of clusters and intra-class correlation.


Journal article


Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci

Publication Date





307 - 309


Clinical Trials as Topic, Cluster Analysis, Health Services Research, Humans, Random Allocation