Stimulation of MAP kinase by v-raf transformation of fibroblasts fails to induce hyperphosphorylation of transfected tau.
Latimer DA., Gallo JM., Lovestone S., Miller CC., Reynolds CH., Marquardt B., Stabel S., Woodgett JR., Anderton BH.
A proportion of the microtubule-associated protein, tau, is in an elevated state of phosphorylation in foetal and adult brain whereas all of the tau in paired helical filaments, which are characteristic of Alzheimer's disease is hyperphosphorylated; it is important therefore to elucidate the mechanisms that regulate tau phosphorylation. Here we describe results that show that although MAP kinase can hyperphosphorylate tau in vitro, activation of MAP kinase in transformed fibroblasts does not result in hyperphosphorylation of transfected tau, whereas glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3 beta) when co-transfected with tau does result in tau hyperphosphorylation. The findings imply that GSK-3 beta may be a stronger candidate than MAP kinase for inducing tau hyperphosphorylation in vivo.