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BACKGROUND: Individual variables and area-level variables have been identified as explaining much of the variance in rates of compulsory in-patient treatment. AIMS: To describe rates of voluntary and compulsory psychiatric in-patient treatment in rural and urban settings in England, and to explore the associations with age, ethnicity and deprivation. METHOD: Secondary analysis of 2010/11 data from the Mental Health Minimum Dataset. RESULTS: Areas with higher levels of deprivation had increased rates of in-patient treatment. Areas with high proportions of adults aged 20-39 years had the highest rates of compulsory in-patient treatment as well as the lowest rates of voluntary in-patient treatment. Urban settings had higher rates of compulsory in-patient treatment and ethnic density was associated with compulsory treatment in these areas. After adjusting for age, deprivation and urban/rural setting, the association between ethnicity and compulsory treatment was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Age structure of the adult population and ethnic density along with higher levels of deprivation can account for the markedly higher rates of compulsory in-patient treatment in urban areas.

Original publication

DOI

10.1192/bjp.bp.115.171009

Type

Journal article

Journal

Br J Psychiatry

Publication Date

08/2016

Volume

209

Pages

157 - 161

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Commitment of Mentally Ill, England, Female, Humans, Inpatients, London, Male, Mental Disorders, Middle Aged, Rural Population, Socioeconomic Factors, Urban Population, Young Adult