A path signature approach for speech emotion recognition
Wang B., Liakata M., Ni H., Lyons T., Nevado-Holgado AJ., Saunders K.
Copyright © 2019 ISCA Automatic speech emotion recognition (SER) remains a difficult task within human-computer interaction, despite increasing interest in the research community. One key challenge is how to effectively integrate short-term characterisation of speech segments with long-term information such as temporal variations. Motivated by the numerical approximation theory of stochastic differential equations (SDEs), we propose the novel use of path signatures. The latter provide a pathwise definition to solve SDEs, for the integration of short speech frames. Furthermore we propose a hierarchical tree structure of path signatures, to capture both global and local information. A simple tree-based convolutional neural network (TBCNN) is used for learning the structural information stemming from dyadic path-tree signatures. Our experimental results on a widely used benchmark dataset demonstrate comparable performance to complex neural network based systems.