Craniofacial Collaboration UK: Developmental Outcomes in 5-Year-Old Children With Sagittal Synostosis.
Care H., Kennedy-Williams P., Culshaw L., Cunliffe A., Denly S., Horton J., Kearney A., O'Leary G., Piggott K., Pinckston M., Rooney N., Wall S., Johnson D., Dalton L.
ABSTRACT: The Craniofacial Collaboration UK (CC-UK) is a joint initiative that seeks to address some of the limitations of previous developmental research with this patient group by providing systematically collected, robust data from clinically and chronologically homogenous representative samples of children. The current paper outlines the developmental outcomes at the age of 5 for children who had previously undergone primary surgery for single-suture sagittal synostosis (SS). It shows broad consistencies with the previous CC-UK work, indicating that the majority of children with SS will perform within the average range compared to peers across a number of developmental, behavioral and emotional domains. However, the group mean for children with SS indicates significantly greater difficulties with fine motor skills and hyperactivity, relative to normative data. Unexpectedly, children with SS had significantly better problem solving skills. While it is reassuring that the majority of children are broadly developing in line with their unaffected peers, these small but significant differences may be early indicators of some of the subtle difficulties documented in older children with craniosynostosis. Longitudinal follow up is therefore important to understand the developmental trajectory for children with SS and identification of potentially 'at risk' sub groups within this diagnostic cohort.