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OBJECTIVES: To experiment with new approaches of collaboration in healthcare delivery, local authorities implement new models of care. Regarding the local decision context of these models, multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) may be of added value to cost-utility analysis (CUA), because it covers a wider range of outcomes. This study compares the 2 methods using a side-by-side application. METHODS: A new Dutch model of care, Primary Care Plus (PC+), was used as a case study to compare the results of CUA and MCDA. Data of patients referred to PC+ or care-as-usual were retrieved by questionnaires and administrative databases with a 3-month follow-up. Propensity score matching together with generalized linear regression models was used to reduce confounding. Univariate and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed to explore uncertainty in the results. RESULTS: Although both methods indicated PC+ as the dominant alternative, complementary differences were observed. MCDA provided additional evidence that PC+ improved access to care (standardized performance score of 0.742 vs 0.670) and that improvement in health-related quality of life was driven by the psychological well-being component (standardized performance score of 0.710 vs 0.704). Furthermore, MCDA estimated the budget required for PC+ to be affordable in addition to preferable (€521.42 per patient). Additionally, MCDA was less sensitive to the utility measures used. CONCLUSIONS: MCDA may facilitate an auditable and transparent evaluation of new models of care by providing additional information on a wider range of outcomes and incorporating affordability. However, more effort is needed to increase the usability of MCDA among local decision makers.

Original publication




Conference paper

Publication Date





795 - 803


cost-utility analysis, health services research, local decision-making, multi-criteria decision analysis, new models of care, Adult, Aged, Choice Behavior, Comparative Effectiveness Research, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Decision Support Techniques, Delivery of Health Care, Female, Health Care Costs, Health Services Accessibility, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Economic, Netherlands, Patient Satisfaction, Primary Health Care, Prospective Studies, Quality Improvement, Quality Indicators, Health Care, Regional Health Planning, Stakeholder Participation