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White matter hyperintensities (WMHs, or lesions) appear as hyperintense, localized regions on T2-weighted and FLAIR brain MR images. The heterogeneity in lesion characteristics due to subject-level (e.g., local intensity/contrast) and population-level (e.g., demographic, scanner-related) variations make their segmentation highly challenging. Here, we propose a framework for adapting a state-of-the-art WMH segmentation method with high accuracy from a small, labeled source data (MICCAI WMH segmentation challenge 2017 training data) to a larger dataset such as the UK Biobank without the need of additional manual training labels, using domain adversarial training with omni-supervised learning. Given the well-known association of WMHs with age, the proposed method uses a multi-tasking model for learning lesion segmentation, domain adaptation and age prediction simultaneously. On a subset of the UK Biobank dataset, the proposed method achieves a lesion-level recall, lesion-level F1-measure and Dice overlap value of 0.95, 0.65 and 0.84 respectively, when compared to values of 0.75, 0.49 and 0.80 obtained from the pretrained state-of-the-art baseline method. The code for the method is available at

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