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OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between eating disorders and attentional biases. METHOD: The first study comprised 23 female patients with clinical eating disorders, women with high levels of anxiety (n = 19), and three female normal control groups comprising low (n = 31), moderate (n = 21), or high levels of shape concern (n = 23). The second study comprised 82 women with clinical eating disorders and 44 healthy controls. All participants completed measures of eating disorder psychopathology and completed a modified pictorial dot-probe task. RESULTS: In the first study, biases were found for negative eating and neutral weight pictures, and for positive eating pictures in women with eating disorders; these biases were greater than those found in anxious and normal controls. The second study replicated these findings and biases were also found for negative and neutral shape stimuli. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that future research should establish whether such biases warrant specific therapeutic interventions.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/eat.20375

Type

Journal article

Journal

Int J Eat Disord

Publication Date

05/2007

Volume

40

Pages

369 - 380

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Attention, Body Image, Body Weight, Cognition Disorders, Depression, Feeding and Eating Disorders, Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychological Tests