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A conceptual unity of science can be achieved either by universal methodological criteria (critical rationalism), or by the assumption of an homogenous reality from which models, hypotheses, and theories are naturally derived (realism). In this paper realist approaches to psychology and psychopathology are evaluated with particular reference to Jaspers' General Psychopathology. Realism is found to obscure real differences between causal analysis and the analysis of meaningful connections.


Journal article


European Journal of Psychiatry

Publication Date





118 - 122