[The influence of personality on suicidal behavior].
Gómez A., Lolas F., Martín M., Barrera A., Jaar E., Suárez L.
With the purpose of studying the influence of personality on suicidal behavior, 63 female suicide attempters were assessed by means of standardized interviews, Eysenck's personality questionnaire (EPQ-R) and other psychometric scales. Personality disorders (DMS III-R) were found in almost 70 per 100 and associated with previous attempts, higher hopelessness, suicide ideation, and to a more severe attempt. The most relevant dimensions were psychoticism and extraversion. The first one correlated to repetition, hopelessness, and suicide ideation; the second exerted a moderating effect, showing association with feelings of conformity towards survival. Neuroticism showed a rather unspecific effect on studied factors. Results confirm a relationship between personality disorders and suicidal behavior, and suggest possible mediating variables.